Teaching Critical Thinking Creatively
With this lesson, students participate in a Structured Academic Controversy in which they investigate whether basic freedoms should be restricted during wartime. They will investigate 5 case stories - Eugene V. Debs, Emma Goldman, Josef and Michael Hofer, Charles Schenck, and Robert Goldstein. Each was arrested and convicted with the Espionage and Sedition Acts. Students will debate whether it was right to restrict their freedoms during the war.
This presentation discusses the experience of African American soldiers in World War I. It ties together their wartime experience and valor with their struggles on the home front. Topics include the Silent March, the St. Louis Massacre (Riots), the heroism of the Harlem Hellfighters and Anthony Johnson, James Reese Europe, and the Red Summer of 1919.
With this lesson, students learn the background leading up to the passage of the 19th amendment. They will visit two stations that discuss the major protest activities from the National Woman's Party, led by Alice Paul and Lucy Burns. They will analyze the methods of protest utilized by the NWP specifically the suffrage parade of 1913 and the silent sentinel protestors in front of the White House. This is a topic that is often overlooked, and that deserves more attention.
With this activity, students analyze the ideals of the 14 points as written by Woodrow Wilson. They first read a historical background discussing the development of the 14 points, and then they analyze the text of the 14 points in stations. With each of the points, students then generate a list of adjectives to describe the message the 14 points sent to the world.
An authentic inquiry for the real-world classroom!
In this inquiry, students investigate the ideals of the 14 points, and whether Woodrow Wilson actually followed the ideal of the 14 points within the policies he created for the people of the United States – resistance to the draft, the Women’s Suffrage Movement, and African American soldiers in WWI.
The following topics are covered within this inquiry:
The 19th Amendment – The Women’s Suffrage Movement – many leaders of the Women’s Suffrage Movement – the 14 Points – the League of Nations – the ending of World War I – the Harlem Hellfighters – Black Soldiers of WWI – The Espionage Act – the Sedition Act – Eugene Debs – Woodrow Wilson – along with much more!
If you teach in New York state, this assessment is geared towards preparing students for the new Regents exam by teaching them about assessing the reliability of primary sources and comparing points of view. Students also have to utilize evidence from primary and secondary sources to argue a claim in their essays.
The lesson is linked to NYS Social Studies Standards, but you could easily cut and paste in your own standards for your state.
Included within this resource:
(This isn’t discounted much because it also includes my inquiry materials. I don’t list those separately, but they are a 3.00 value.)
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